Full Form of CID :Eligibility criteria, Types of Job Roles, branches , Opportunities

The Full Form of CID is the Crime Investigation Department of the Indian National Police. It is a unit of the police department and is led by ADG (Additional Director of Police Department). CID is headquartered in Pune, and the government handles specific cases handed over by the Indian government and DGP (Chief of Police). In 1902, the British government cooperated with the Police Commission to develop CID to maintain social law and order. Police officers in this department usually wear ordinary clothing and are classified into different levels according to their positions. These police officers claim to be CIDs or detectives.

 In 1929, this police force was divided into a special unit, the Criminal Investigation Bureau (CB-CID) and the Criminal Investigation Bureau. The CID Criminal Department is a special CID department headed by ADGP (Additional Superintendent of Police) and directed by IGP (Inspector General of Police). The department focuses on serious crimes, including murder, forgery, riot, forgery, and cases filed by the high court or state government. 

CID’s most important job responsibility is to investigate criminal cases such as murder, rape, robbery, and theft. Above. He collects evidence, facts about fraud and criminal cases, catches the criminal, and finally submits the suspect to the court.

The CID has several branches like:

  • CB-CID
  • Anti-Narcotics Cell
  • Anti-Terrorism Wing
  • Anti-Human Trafficking & Missing Person cell
  • Finger Print Bureau
  • Bank Frauds
  • Dog Squad
  • Human Rights Department
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The officers’ ranks in CID are:


  • Sub- Inspectors
  • Inspectors
  • Superintendents
  • Additional Director General of Police
  • Inspector General of Police (IGP), etc.


Working of CID

The main task of CID is to investigate criminal cases such as rape, murder, theft, and robbery. It collects facts and evidence in criminal cases and fraud cases, catches criminals, and finally provides evidence to the defendant. These investigations can span multiple cities and states, depending on the level of crime. The CID team also needs the help of the local police to investigate the case. 

Eligibility criteria for becoming a CID official. 

The candidate must be an Indian citizen. The minimum qualification required to join CID as a deputy inspector or official is graduation. From a recognized university. However, to join CID as a police officer, the minimum qualification required is a high school certificate of 12 or higher. In addition to not having enough qualifications to become a CID official, one must pass the Indian Civil Service Examination, which is conducted annually by the Federal Public Service Commission.

 There are many universities in India that offer criminology courses at the undergraduate level. These courses can help you join CID.

 CBI has various appointments or positions. In addition, candidates must have excellent memory, sharp eyesight, good character judgment, teamwork and the ability to work alone. These are the basic requirements of this job.

The grade of CID officers


  1. Sub- Inspectors
  2. Inspectors
  3. Superintendents
  4. Additional Director General of Police
  5. Inspector-General of Polices

Types of Job Roles Crime Investigation Department (CID) Officer

To pursue this career, they can match their specific interests with different federal law enforcement agencies. For CID officials, various job profiles can be determined according to their areas of interest. Below is a list of possible job profiles: 

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Fraud Investigator-Investigating fraud by obtaining factual statements, statements or confessions from whistleblowers, employers and witnesses. Fraud investigators also investigate records and obtain, analyze and evaluate evidence, and supervise the formulation and implementation of fraud prevention, detection and resolution strategies.

 Police officers: Police officers respond to incidents and complaints, record interactions and collect evidence. They arrest criminals and suspects, collect evidence and testify, deter criminal activity, and monitor any threats to public safety.

Investigative Officer: They write reports based on the findings of the investigation and are often summoned to appear in court to explain their findings. 

Criminologist: Conduct investigations, develop theories, investigate crime scenes and write reports. They use their analytical history to help law enforcement agencies identify and understand criminal behavior.

 Paralegal: The paralegal investigates the facts and laws of the case to determine the cause of the lawsuit and prepare the case. Most of the time, paralegals work for law firms, corporate legal departments, or courts. They also help lawyers submit materials such as motions, memoranda and pleadings. 

Narcotics Officer: Anti-drug officials specialize in preventing the use and distribution of illegal drugs. Drug officers can also write reports and analyze case evidence. They also spread information about drug prevention in the community.


Employment Opportunities for CID Officer

 CID officials identify, collect, and process physical evidence at the crime scene. They are mainly employed by government departments, but they can also be employed by law enforcement agencies. Various other agencies also provide employment opportunities, such as local, state, and federal government agencies, the Drug Administration (DEA) or the Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives Administration (ATF). 

(CID) Officials The job of CID officials in government departments is to investigate complex cases of the Indian government. Therefore, the Indian government is a recruiter offering jobs to CID officials, but you can also work for the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) or the Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives Administration (ATF). There are also several branches under CID, such as the fingerprint office, the CB-CID counter-terrorism department, the anti-drug team, and the anti-trafficking and missing persons team.

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