Full form of IAS: Power of IAS Officer, Exam Syllabus, Role of an IAS officer, , etc

The full form of IAS is Indian Administrative Services During the British rule and for a long period of time, The Indian Administrative Services was once called the imperial civil service department. It is known for being one of the most difficult competitive examinations in the world. However, we have covered everything you need to know about the IAS exam. From roles and benefits to how to become an IAS officer, we have provided you with protection. Union Public Service Commission is the central agency that conducts this review. Established in 1858, it received the name of Imperial Civil Service. However, on January 26, 1950, on the occasion of Republic Day, he changed his post as the Administrative Service of India. In addition, the highest of the other 24 positions is an IAS officer. These 24 positions include IFS, IPS, IRS, etc. We provide you with all the information about the IAS exam.

What is Indian administrative service (IAS)

It is a job that almost everyone in India dreams of. It is at the top of the hierarchy of the other 24 services. IAS has a strong bureaucracy in India. The selected candidates work in the federal government, state governments and even the public sector. You must be wondering what are the roles and benefits and how to become an IAS officer. But before you start, you need to understand what IAS is. On the other hand, thousands of students tried their luck and worked hard to pass the exam. The positions offered to IAS candidates are collectors, commissioners, chief secretaries, cabinet secretaries, etc. It is important to understand the seriousness of the job.

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Role of an IAS officer

The role of an IAS officer depends on the task he accepts. There are 3 types of tasks.
  • Field
  • State Secretariat
  • Central Secretariat
 field tasks are the most difficult tasks. This is why the civil service examination is so difficult. On the other hand, the functions of public administration include:
  • Managing Government affairs like framing, implementing, and revising policies.
  • Meeting various representatives for the stated functions.
  • Distribution of funds of Central Government allocated for various schemes.
  • Supervision of the implemented schemes and policies of the government.
  • Handle emergency situations such as natural disasters, accidents, riots, etc. immediately, and take actions in accordance with the relief policy

How to Clear the Civil Service Exam

IAS officials have many benefits. But before that, you must pass the UPSC exam, which is not an easy task. First, the candidate must have a long-term strategy. Second, goal-oriented students start preparing for the exam 12 months before the exam date. However, there are also students who have made it to the top after only a few months of preparation. The quality of your studies is the most important. The IAS exam is more than an oral and written exam. It shows the candidate’s personality and hard work. In addition, you can choose the best institution to prepare for the exam. But don’t forget that you must work very hard and focus on becoming an IAS officer. The exam reflects your position. Very hard work will do wonders for you.

IAS Exam Syllabus

It is very important to review the course before you start preparing. Because you don’t have to leave anything. The preliminary examination is an objective job, mainly subjective examination, and the interview is an on-site examination. Candidates are selected based on the scores of the main exams and interviews. The total score for the Mains exam is 1750. The total score of the interview is 275, so students must prepare well. The syllabus has many subject questions. On the other hand, there are not so many subjects in other exams.

topics covered in first paper of prelims

  1. Current Affairs
  2. Indian National Movement
  3. History of India
  4. Geography
  5. Social and Economic Development
  6. Climate Change
  7. Art
  8. Culture
  9. General Knowledge of Science
  10. Environment
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topics covered in second paper of prelims

  1. Communication
  2. Decision Making
  3. English
  4. Comprehension
  5. Data Interpretation
  6. Basic Maths

The Mains exam covers the following subjects-

  1. Compulsory Indian Language
  2. English
  3. Essay
  4. Current Affairs
  5. History
  6. Geography
  7. Art and Culture
  8. Polity
  9. Governance
  10. Social and Economic Development
  11. Economy
  12. Science and Technology
  13. Ethics
  14. Optional paper – There are 26 subjects that you can choose your optional from.

Interview Stage:

UPSC wants to test your personality, not just your knowledge. So, relax and read as many events around the world as possible to improve your knowledge. Therefore, it will perform well. 

Number of Attempts

The attempts offered to candidates are based on category. The general category can be tried up to 6 times. The OBC can try up to 9 times. However, SC/ST can try any number of times. On the other hand, SC/ST can try until the maximum age is reached. Limited attempts make it more difficult and it is also the hardest exam in India. In addition, the minimum age to take the test is 21 years old. But age also varies by category. In general categories, you can try to 32 years old, OBC can try to 35 years old, and SC/ST can try to 37 years old.

Passing Percentage

Thousands of people try the civil service exams every year, but only a few can pass. Because of the benefits of IAS officials, everyone wants this prestigious position. But not everyone passed, only 26% of candidates passed the first exam. In addition, the exam is not easy, and the percentage of the exam is the most important. If you don’t know yet, only 15% of candidates enter the interview stage. Surprisingly, only 1% broke the final round and were selected. Only the right guidance and hard work can help you. This is why it is the hardest exam in India. On the other hand, exam preparation is time-consuming. But it all depends on the intelligence of the candidate: some people can be ready in a few months, but some people also need 2 years.

In addition to the salary of the IAS, the official also has enormous powers and responsibilities. In addition, even if the salary of IAS is equal to or sometimes lower than that of the private sector, power and command will not be equal to other professions. 

  1. First, the IAS officer is responsible for managing the region/state/department/department. 
  2. People rely on them to work efficiently and smoothly, 
  3.  they have the right to bring positive changes to society. Education, health and economic policies are affected by it. In other words, the unparalleled power to serve the country is unique. 


This position has a much higher salary than IAS. Only IAS officials can actively participate in the improvement of the country. To clarify, the combination of IAS salary and power is unique and impressive. Therefore, one must work 100% and stay motivated to pass the final selection stage. Most importantly, it takes years of concentration and patriotism to become one of them.


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